The 17 class was a class of steam locomotive built by the Vulcan Foundry for the New South Wales Government Railways of Australia.
Ordered from the Vulcan Foundry 12 were placed in service in 1887. They had the 4-4-0 wheel arrangement that most locomotives had at the time. Shortly after delivery the class leader was tested against the Baldwin Locomotive Works built L304 class to see which one could make a faster and better run across the Blue Mountains to Eskbank,with the Baldwin locomotive judged superior. They were also intended to haul passenger service on the steeply graded Sydney to Newcastle and Kiama lines. They proved unpopular with both locomotive crews because of rough riding and track maintenance staff because of their high axle load and were displaced from mainline working and relegated to branch line work following the arrival of the P6 class. In 1905/06, new boilers with Belpaire fireboxes were fitted, the smokeboxes shortened and the cylinder diameter reduced. In 1924 the class was renumbered becoming the Z17 class. As they became due for reboilering they began to be withdrawn from January 1934 with only four in service by 1948. In the early 1960s 1709 was overhauled and later resuming its pre-1924 identity of 381 to haul the Vintage Train in company with 1243 until March 1974. It was transferred to the custody of the New South Wales Rail Transport Museum and remained in use primarily on Picton - Buxton loop line services until withdrawn in the early 1980s. In 1995 it was restored to operating condition