When the line was first approved, few could have envisaged the development of grain production after the 1940s in the area. It was mainly grazing country then. The Boggabilla line was authorised mainly to ensure that the output of graziers in the area went south through New South Wales ports rather than north, across the border, to Queensland.
The line involved only light earthworks, but did include a number of watercourses to be crossed. By mid-1928, clearing had been completed to the 23-mile point and work steadily continued until 1930 when due to a shortage of funds, work closed down for six months.
The line was eventually opened throughout on 20 June 1932
Upon opening, the train service comprised a twice weekly mixed train running from Moree to Boggabilla on Mondays and Fridays, returning the following day. From 24 February 1936, a weekly railmotor service was introduced. This was later increased to thrice weekly, Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. These railmotor services were daily return from Moree. Additionally, goods trains operated as well.
Bulk wheat storage at locations along the line first appeared in 1956 bringing additional traffic to the line. 48 class diesel locomotives first appeared in 1959, speeding up the movement of grain and other freight.
Passenger services came to an abrupt halt on 3 August 1974, when the railmotor service was cancelled in the name of the then current fuel crisis. Goods services also diminished at this time, being replaced by road trucks working out of Moree.
By 1978, rail services were largely worked on a seasonal basis, hauling wheat, and an occasional train to Boggabilla to collect sleepers milled locally.
Since the 1970s, the lines radiating out of Moree have been basically on a seasonal basis only, serving the needs of the grain producers. The Stationmaster at Boggabilla was withdrawn in 1979. In 1987, the line was truncated at North Star and grain was road trucked to the silos there and at Crooble. The last train to run to Boggabilla was on 23 November 1987.
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