|Redfern Railway Station|
Redfern railway station is a major railway station in Redfern which is to the south of the city centre in Sydney, Australia. It is a major connecting station for the Sydney Trains network, as well as being the closest railway station to the University of Sydney. It is the ninth busiest station on the network.
In the early history of the New South Wales Railways, "Redfern" was the name of the principal Sydney terminus. It was located to the south of Devonshire Street and opened on 26 September 1855 in an area known as "Cleveland Fields." This original "Redfern" station comprised one wooden platform in a corrugated iron shed. As traffic increased the original station was replaced in 1874 by a brick building containing two platforms. This second station, which grew to 14 platforms, was designed for through traffic if the lines were extended in the city direction. This second station was found to be too far from the city centre, so a new station (the present Sydney Central Station) was built to the north of Devonshire Street and opened on 4 August 1906. The 1874 station was soon demolished. A station was opened in 1876 1.3 km on the Parramatta side of the "original Redfern" and called 'Eveleigh'. In 1885 Eveleigh's platforms were reconstructed at the present Redfern site, and on 21 October 1906 this station was renamed Redfern. Platforms 11 and 12, as well as the area containing the unfinished platforms (see below), were constructed in the late 1970s as part of the Eastern Suburbs Railway construction, which opened in 1979. Until the early 1990s Redfern had an overhead footbridge at the Eveleigh end of the platforms, connecting all platforms 1-10 by stairs. This was demolished because the funds for its maintenance were not available. A single track underground tunnel for trains going to Eveleigh Maintenance Centre, known as the Engine Dive, runs under the above ground platforms. Various chimneys on the platforms (especially on platform 1) are evidence of this. The tunnel surfaces near the Eveleigh end of platform 10 and on the non-station side of the Lawson St bridge. The station is walking distance to the suburb of Waterloo known by its Govt Housing high rise buildings. The present Redfern station was damaged by fire in the 2004 Redfern riots. The ticketing area and station master's office were significantly damaged - and the windows in the front of the station were bricked up for almost a year afterwards to prevent further attacks. They have since been replaced with glass windows.
Redfern has 12 platforms - 10 above ground (linked by stairs to the concourse at Lawson Street), and 2 underground (linked by stairs and escalators to the concourse at Gibbons Street). The two concourses are linked. Station offices and facilities such as toilets and the main indicator boards are located next to the Lawson Street entry. As part of the construction of the Eastern Suburbs Railway (now platforms 11 and 12), it was proposed to build up to four platforms for the underground route (similar to Central.) Two of these platforms were built and now are Platforms 11 and 12, however, the two platforms above were half constructed above Platforms 11 and 12. These are visible through a small gap in the wall opposite Platform 11, as well as by a boarded up entry portal under the Lawson Street Bridge (which was to be the down track), and a now filled-in dive tunnel under the Wells Street Sectioning Hut on the Central side of Lawson Street (which was to be the up track). The area in which the platforms were to be situated is visible from the station concourse at the entrance to Platform 10.
Platforms and ServicesEdit
The station serves all Sydney Trains lines except the airport branch of the Airport & East Hills Line and the Cumberland Line. One service per weekday from the Carlingford line stops at Redfern Platform 1. In peak hours, to serve connecting passengers and students at the University of Sydney; intercity services to the Blue Mountains, Newcastle and the Central Coast and the South Coast also stop at the station to pick up or set down. Despite an extension of the platform in the late 1990s, Platform 1 is considered a short platform, and passengers are asked to travel in the front six carriages of Intercity trains using the platform. The station is served by eighteen to twenty-six trains per hour each way, with additional trains during weekday peak hours.
|Central Coast & Newcastle Line||Weekday peak hour intercity services to Central||Set down only|
|Blue Mountains Line||Weekday peak hour intercity services to Central|
|South Coast Line||Weekday peak hour intercity services to Central|
|Special event services to Central|
|Central Coast & Newcastle Line||Weekday peak hour intercity services to Gosford, Wyong and Newcastle via Strathfield||Pick up only|
|Blue Mountains Line||Weekday peak hour intercity services to Springwood, Katoomba, Mt Victoria and Lithgow via Parramatta|
|South Coast Line||Weekday peak hour intercity services to Thirroul, Wollongong, Port Kembla, Dapto and Kiama via Wolli Creek|
|Special events and weekday off peak services to Olympic Park|
|T1 Northern line||Suburban all stations and limited stops services to Central and North Sydney via the City, then on to Hornsby via Macquarie Park|
|T1 Western line||Suburban all stations and limited stops services to Central, then on to North Sydney, Lindfield, Gordon, Hornsby and Berowra via the |
Peak hour intercity services to Gosford and Wyong via the .
|T1 Northern line||Suburban all stations and limited stops services to Epping via Strathfield; peak hour services to Hornsby via Strathfield|
|T1 Western line||Suburban all stations and limited stops and peak hour express services to Blacktown, Quakers Hill, Schofields, Riverstone, Richmond, St Marys, Penrith and Emu Plains via Parramatta||Some peak hour intercity services to Springwood on the Blue Mountains Line|
|T2 South line||Suburban all stations services to Central then on to City Circle|
|T2 Inner West line||Suburban all stations services to Central then on to City Circle|
|T2 South line||Suburban all stations and limited stops services to Leppington and Campbelltown via Granville|
|T2 Inner West line||Suburban all stations services to Ashfield, Strathfield and Homebush|
|Suburban all stations services to Central then on to City Circle|
|T2 Airport and East Hills line||Suburban all stations services to Central then on to City Circle||Peak hours only|
|Suburban all stations and limited stops services to Bankstown, Lidcombe and Liverpool via Sydenham|
|T2 Airport and East Hills line||Suburban express services to Campbelltown and Macarthur via Sydenham and East Hills||Peak hours only|
|Not in regular use||May be used by Illawarra line, Airport and South Coast trains to the City Circle (due to trackwork) or empty train movements to/from Eveleigh Yard|
|T4 Eastern suburbs line||Suburban all stations services to Bondi Junction via Central||Some peak hour services from the South Coast Line|
|T4 Illawarra line||Suburban all stations and limited stops services to Hurstville, Mortdale, Sutherland, Cronulla, and Waterfall via Hurstville||Some peak hour intercity services to Thirroul, Wollongong and Port Kembla|
|Incomplete platforms||These were not fully constructed; are situated west of Platforms 11 & 12 and behind Platform 10|