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Eastern Suburbs and Illawarra Railway Line

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The Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra railway line (also known as the Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line) is a commuter railway line in the eastern and southern suburbs of Sydney, Australia, which is a part of the Sydney Trains network. Along with the South Coast Line, an intercity line that uses the Illawarra Line tracks out of Sydney, the line was constructed in the 1880s to Wollongong to take advantage of agricultural and mining potentials in the Illawarra area. In 1926, it became the first railway in New South Wales to run electric train services.

Today the railway consists of three connected lines: the original Illawarra Line; a branch line from Sutherland to Cronulla (the Cronulla Line), which opened in 1939, replacing an earlier tram service; and an underground rail link between the Sydney CBD and Bondi Junction, the Eastern Suburbs Line, which opened in 1979. The railway currently operates as a relatively high-frequency independent line, and has been noted by the New South Wales Government as the most reliable line in Sydney.

Operationally and historically, the entire line from the Illawarra Junction at Redfern to its terminus in Bomaderry on the South Coast was known as the "Illawarra Line". However, since 1989 Sydney Trains has marketed the suburban services to Waterfall and Cronulla as the "Illawarra line" and interurban services south to Wollongong and Bomaderry as the South Coast Line. The line is coloured an azure blue on Sydney Trains's timetables and other promotional materials.

After a recent timetable reshuffle in 2013, the line is now also referred to by the code T4.

The line uses the T Set trains and also some H sets (OSCARs) during peak hours).

AlignmentEdit

Eastern Suburbs SectionEdit

The Suburbs Line runs between Bondi Junction in Sydney's east and Eveleigh, just south of the Sydney central business district. It is mostly underground, and consists of 7 kilometres (4 mi) of bored tunnels and 1.5 kilometres (1 mi) of cut and cover tunnels, with only 2 kilometres (1 mi) above ground. In the Eastern Suburbs, three tunnels proceed in a northwesterly direction from Bondi Junction under the suburbs of Edgecliff and Kings Cross; in each of these tunnels there are stations. Between Bondi Junction and Edgecliff there is a short open-air cutting in Woollahra, and between Edgecliff and Kings Cross there is a short viaduct over Rushcutters Bay.

From Kings Cross, the line proceeds west towards the Sydney Central Business District on a viaduct that passes over the suburb of Woolloomooloo and the Eastern Distributor. The line then passes into a tunnel underneath the Art Gallery of New South Wales to a station underneath Martin Place. Turning south, the line proceeds through Sydney's Town Hall, Central and Redfern stations, before emerging behind the railway workshops at Eveleigh. The line is double track throughout, with turnback sidings at Martin Place and Bondi Junction for citybound trains, and at Central for trains from Bondi Junction.

Illawarra and Cronulla LinesEdit

The Illawarra Line commences at the Illawarra Junction at Redfern. A dive tunnel allows Intercity services from the South Coast Line to cross underneath the main suburban railway lines to access Central Station. The Illawarra lines are also connected at this point to the Illawarra Relief Lines which emerge from underground and lead to the Eastern Suburbs Line. Except during rare circumstances and trackwork, most trains will go into the Illawara Relief track.

From Illawarra Junction, four tracks (including the Airport & East Hills Line and Bankstown Line) lead south through the suburbs of Erskineville and St Peters to Sydenham station, where the Bankstown Line branches off. The line parallels the Airport & East Hills Line tracks until the suburb of Wolli Creek. This is where trains stopping all stations will change onto the Illawara Local track to allow express trains to pass. After reaching the suburb of Hurstville, where the line changes back into two tracks, it then continues south towards Sutherland, crossing the Georges River between the suburbs of Oatley and Como. At Sutherland the Cronulla Line branches in an easterly direction until Woolooware where the branch turns south and finishes near the Cronulla shopping area.

The main line then heads in a southerly direction, parallel to the Princes Highway to the west and bordering the Royal National Park on its eastern side until Waterfall, the last suburb in the Sydney metropolitan area. The double colour light signaling system goes as far as Loftus, where at 28.050kms from Central, the signals switch to single colour light system. The line continues south from here as the South Coast Line through the National Park.

StationsEdit

The line currently has 33 operating stations. Only three stations or platforms have closed, the two stations on the Royal National Park Branch (the main station, which closed in 1991, and the platform for the Scout's Camp, which closed in 1947), and the station on the Woronora Cemetery branch, which also closed in 1947.

Name Code[1]</font> Distance from
Central (km)[2]
Date of Opening[2] MyMulti
Zone
Serving Suburbs Pattern stops at this station
Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line
Bondi Junction BJN 6.76 23 June 1979 MyMulti 1 Bondi Junction, Woollahra Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Edgecliff ECL 4.82 23 June 1979 MyMulti 1 Edgecliff, Darling Point Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Kings Cross KSX 3.41 23 June 1979 MyMulti 1 Kings Cross, Rushcutters Bay Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Martin Place MPC 2.10 23 June 1979 MyMulti 1 Sydney CBD Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Town Hall THL 1.21 28 February 1932[3] MyMulti 1 Sydney, Darling Harbour Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Central SBO 0 28 February 1932[3] MyMulti 1 Central, Strawberry Hills
Ultimo, Surry Hills
Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Redfern RDF 1.30[4] 15 April 1878[4] MyMulti 1 Redfern, Waterloo, Darlington
The University
of Sydney
Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Sydenham SDN 5.30 15 October 1884 MyMulti 1 Sydenham, Marrickville Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Tempe TME 6.84 16 October 1884 MyMulti 1 Tempe, Undercliffe Bullet-red Bullet-red
Wolli Creek WOC 7.30 21 May 2000[5] MyMulti 1 Wolli Creek, Arncliffe Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Arncliffe ACL 8.42 16 October 1884 MyMulti 1 Arncliffe Bullet-red Bullet-red
Banksia BKA 9.60 21 October 1906 MyMulti 1 Banksia Bullet-red Bullet-red
Rockdale RKL 10.41 15 October 1884 MyMulti 1 Rockdale, Bexley Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Kogarah KGH 11.61 15 October 1884 MyMulti 2 Kogarah Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Carlton CLJ 12.74 1 January 1887 MyMulti 2 Carlton Bullet-red Bullet-red
Allawah AWH 13.69 15 November 1925 MyMulti 2 Allawah Bullet-red Bullet-red
Hurstville HVL 14.84 15 October 1884 MyMulti 2 Hurstville, Hurstville South Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Penshurst PHS 16.12 1886[6] MyMulti 2 Penshurst Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Mortdale MDE 17.06 20 March 1897 MyMulti 2 Mortdale Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Oatley OAL 18.28 1886[6] MyMulti 2 Oatley Bullet-red Bullet-red
Como CMO 21.24 26 December 1885 MyMulti 2 Como, Como West Bullet-red Bullet-red
Jannali JNL 22.22 7 September 1931 MyMulti 2 Jannali Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Sutherland SLD 24.46 26 December 1885 MyMulti 2 Sutherland Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
At Sutherland the line branches. The southern branch is towards Waterfall, and the Eastern branch is towards Cronulla.
To Waterfall
Bullet-redLoftus LOF 26.29 9 March 1886 MyMulti 2 Loftus, Yarrawarrah Bullet-red Bullet-red
Bullet-redEngadine EGD 30.75 1 October 1920 MyMulti 2 Engadine, Woronora Heights Bullet-red Bullet-red
Bullet-redHeathcote HTC 33.15 9 March 1886 MyMulti 3 Heathcote Bullet-red Bullet-red
Bullet-redWaterfall WFL 38.74 9 March 1886 MyMulti 3 Waterfall Bullet-red Bullet-red
To Cronulla
Bullet-redKirrawee KEE 26.64 16 December 1939 MyMulti 2 Kirrawee Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Bullet-redGymea GYM 27.94 16 December 1939 MyMulti 2 Gymea Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Bullet-redMiranda MIJ 29.51 16 December 1939 MyMulti 2 Miranda Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Bullet-redCaringbah CIH 31.51 16 December 1939 MyMulti 2 Caringbah Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Bullet-redWoolooware WOE 33.60 16 December 1939 MyMulti 3 Woolooware Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red
Bullet-redCronulla CNL 34.81 16 December 1939 MyMulti 3 Cronulla Bullet-red Bullet-red Bullet-red

ReferencesEdit

  1. Bozier, Rolfe, "New South Wales Railways: NSW Station Codes". Retrieved 19 June 2002.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Sourced from Forsyth, J.H. (ed.) (1988–93), Stations & Tracks; Vol. 1: "Main Suburban & Branches -- Illawarra & Branches". State Rail Authority of New South Wales: Sydney, pp. 42–44, 101–128, 206–208 passim, except where noted.
  3. 3.0 3.1 The Eastern Suburbs Railway platforms for Town Hall and Central stations opened 23 June 1979. Cited in Forsyth, J.H. (ed.) (1988–93), Stations & Tracks; Vol. 1: "Main Suburban & Branches -- Illawarra & Branches". State Rail Authority of New South Wales: Sydney, pp. 42–43.
  4. 4.0 4.1 The Eastern Suburbs Railway platforms at Redfern opened 20 July 1980. These platforms are located at 1.318 km from Central. Cited in Forsyth, J.H. (ed.) (1988–93), Stations & Tracks; Vol. 1: "Main Suburban & Branches -- Illawarra & Branches". State Rail Authority of New South Wales: Sydney, p. 42.
  5. Bozier, Rolfe, "New South Wales Railways: Airport Line: History". Retrieved 24 January 2007.
  6. 6.0 6.1 The official records do not give a specific date of opening for Penshurst or Oatley stations; only a year. Cited in Forsyth, J.H. (ed.) (1988–93), Stations & Tracks; Vol. 1: "Main Suburban & Branches -- Illawarra & Branches". State Rail Authority of New South Wales: Sydney, pp. 118 & 120.


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